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Curr Diab Rep. 2011 Aug;11(4):236-43. doi: 10.1007/s11892-011-0203-1.

Imaging of diabetic retinopathy and diabetic macular edema.

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  • 1Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin-Madison Fundus Photograph Reading Center, 8010 Excelsior Drive, Madison, WI 53717, USA.


Imaging of the retinal complications of diabetes mellitus is rapidly changing from the emergence of new technology such as optical coherence tomography. In particular, the characterization of diabetic macular edema is much easier for the clinician and there are new, more sensitive clinical research end points. However, our understanding of structure-functional relationships remains suboptimal and the classification of macular edema by optical coherence tomography continues to evolve. The classification of diabetic retinopathy severity continues to rely upon fundus photography, although the transition from film to digital photography presents both challenges and advantages.

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