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J Perinat Med. 2011 Jul;39(4):457-65. doi: 10.1515/JPM.2011.046. Epub 2011 May 24.

Intrapartum cardiotocography (CTG) and ST-analysis of labor in diabetic patients.

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  • 1Women and Children's Division, Oslo University Hospital Rikshospitalet and Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.



To determine the prevalence and types of intrapartum cardiotocography (CTG) patterns and investigate their relationship to moderate acidemia in term fetuses of diabetic mothers. Also, to assess if the combination of fetal electrocardiogram (FECG) and those CTG patterns strengthens the association with moderate acidemia.


The material for this study is obtained from the Swedish randomized control trial and the European Union ST-analysis trial. We developed an analytical model for CTG patterns based on the progress in CTG changes, in a longitudinal periodic manner. The model was then combined with information regarding changes in ST interval that indicate threatening asphyxia, and the findings were analyzed to determine correlation with the presence of moderate acidemia at birth.


This study involved data of 413 diabetic mothers. A preterminal CTG was more common in the diabetes mellitus (DM) group (6/70, 8.6%) than in the gestational diabetes (GD) group (3/307, 1.0%; P=0.003). For diabetic mothers (i.e., DM+GD) with a normal CTG at the start of monitoring, the presence of FECG data indicating asphyxia significantly increased the likelihood of an umbilical artery pH<7.15 at birth [odds ratio (OR)=3.65, 95% confidence interval (CI)=1.33-10.05]. Among labors where the CTG was non-reassuring at the start of monitoring, no significant association was found between pH<7.15 and indication to intervene according to FECG information (OR=1.51, 95% CI=0.33-7.0).


A preterminal CTG is more common in the fetuses of DM than GD mothers during labor. When CTG was normal at the start of recording, the addition of FECG information gave a significant add on information to predict moderate acidemia.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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