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Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Aug;39(15):e98. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkr341. Epub 2011 May 20.

Inferring transcription factor complexes from ChIP-seq data.

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  • 1Institute for Molecular Bioscience, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia.

Abstract

Chromatin immunoprecipitation followed by high-throughput sequencing (ChIP-seq) allows researchers to determine the genome-wide binding locations of individual transcription factors (TFs) at high resolution. This information can be interrogated to study various aspects of TF behaviour, including the mechanisms that control TF binding. Physical interaction between TFs comprises one important aspect of TF binding in eukaryotes, mediating tissue-specific gene expression. We have developed an algorithm, spaced motif analysis (SpaMo), which is able to infer physical interactions between the given TF and TFs bound at neighbouring sites at the DNA interface. The algorithm predicts TF interactions in half of the ChIP-seq data sets we test, with the majority of these predictions supported by direct evidence from the literature or evidence of homodimerization. High resolution motif spacing information obtained by this method can facilitate an improved understanding of individual TF complex structures. SpaMo can assist researchers in extracting maximum information relating to binding mechanisms from their TF ChIP-seq data. SpaMo is available for download and interactive use as part of the MEME Suite (http://meme.nbcr.net).

PMID:
21602262
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3159476
Free PMC Article
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