Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Anesth Analg. 2011 Oct;113(4):778-83. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0b013e31821f950e. Epub 2011 May 19.

Malignant disease within 5 years after surgery in relation to duration of sevoflurane anesthesia and time with bispectral index under 45.

Author information

  • 1Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Section of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden. majlisl@ltkalmar.se

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Surgery, general anesthesia, and related events have been implicated to promote cancer proliferation. We investigated the incidence of cancer within 5 years after surgery in relation to duration of anesthesia (T(ANESTH)) and also by time with bispectral index (BIS) under 45 (T(BIS<45)) serving as a proxy for more profound anesthesia exposure.

METHODS:

New malignant diagnoses after surgery under sevoflurane anesthesia were obtained in a prospective cohort of 2972 BIS-monitored patients without any clinically diagnosed malignant disease at the time of index surgery. The risk of cancer during follow-up in relation to T(ANESTH) and T(BIS<45) was assessed by Cox regression. The cancer incidence in this surgical population was compared with the incidence in a standardized general population by calculation of standard incidence ratio.

RESULTS:

One hundred twenty-nine patients (4.3%) were assigned 136 new malignant diagnoses within 5 years after surgery. No relation between T(ANESTH) or T(BIS<45) and new malignant disease was found, nor were any significant relations obtained when other thresholds for BIS (i.e., <30, <40, and <50, respectively) were used in the calculations. The standard incidence ratio for new malignant disease was 1.37 (confidence interval, 1.15-1.62).

CONCLUSION:

Neither duration of anesthesia nor increased cumulative time with profound sevoflurane anesthesia was associated with an increased risk for new malignant disease within 5 years after surgery in previously cancer-free patients.

Comment in

PMID:
21596878
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk