Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Addiction. 2011 Nov;106(11):2017-28. doi: 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2011.03505.x. Epub 2011 Jul 27.

Electronic cigarette: users profile, utilization, satisfaction and perceived efficacy.

Author information

  • 1Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland. jean-francois.etter@unige.ch

Abstract

AIMS:

To assess the profile, utilization patterns, satisfaction and perceived effects among users of electronic cigarettes ('e-cigarettes').

DESIGN AND SETTING:

Internet survey in English and French in 2010.

MEASUREMENTS:

Online questionnaire.

PARTICIPANTS:

Visitors of websites and online discussion forums dedicated to e-cigarettes and to smoking cessation.

FINDINGS:

There were 3587 participants (70% former tobacco smokers, 61% men, mean age 41 years). The median duration of electronic cigarette use was 3 months, users drew 120 puffs/day and used five refills/day. Almost all (97%) used e-cigarettes containing nicotine. Daily users spent $33 per month on these products. Most (96%) said the e-cigarette helped them to quit smoking or reduce their smoking (92%). Reasons for using the e-cigarette included the perception that it was less toxic than tobacco (84%), to deal with craving for tobacco (79%) and withdrawal symptoms (67%), to quit smoking or avoid relapsing (77%), because it was cheaper than smoking (57%) and to deal with situations where smoking was prohibited (39%). Most ex-smokers (79%) feared they might relapse to smoking if they stopped using the e-cigarette. Users of nicotine-containing e-cigarettes reported better relief of withdrawal and a greater effect on smoking cessation than those using non-nicotine e-cigarettes.

CONCLUSIONS:

E-cigarettes were used much as people would use nicotine replacement medications: by former smokers to avoid relapse or as an aid to cut down or quit smoking. Further research should evaluate the safety and efficacy of e-cigarettes for administration of nicotine and other substances, and for quitting and relapse prevention.

© 2011 The Authors, Addiction © 2011 Society for the Study of Addiction.

PMID:
21592253
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Wiley
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk