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J Magn Reson Imaging. 2011 Jun;33(6):1440-6. doi: 10.1002/jmri.22566.

Diagnostic value of the flow profile in the distal descending aorta by phase-contrast magnetic resonance for predicting severe coarctation of the aorta.

Author information

  • 1Department of Radiology, University Hospital of California, San Francisco, California 94143-0628, USA. muzzarellis@uhbs.ch

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To compare aortic flow profiles at the level of the proximal descending (PDAo) and distal descending aorta (DDAo) in patients investigated for coarctation of the aorta (CoA), and compare their respective diagnostic value for predicting severe CoA. Diastolic flow decay in the PDAo predicts severe CoA, but flow measurements at this level are limited by flow turbulence, aliasing, and stent-related artifacts.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

We studied 49 patients evaluated for CoA with phase contrast magnetic resonance imaging (PC-MRI). Parameters of diastolic flow decay in the PDAo and DDAo were compared. Their respective diagnostic value was compared with the standard reference of transcatheter peak gradient ≥20 mmHg.

RESULTS:

Flow measurement in the PDAo required repeated acquisition with adjustment of encoding velocity or location of the imaging plane in 69% of patients; measurement in the DDAo was achieved in single acquisition in all cases. Parameters of diastolic flow decay in the PDAo and DDAo, including rate-corrected (RC) deceleration time and RC flow deceleration yielded a good correlation (r = 0.78; P < 0.01, and r = 0.92; P < 0.01), and a similar diagnostic value for predicting severe CoA. The highest diagnostic accuracy was achieved by RC deceleration time at DDAo (sensitivity 85%, specificity 85%).

CONCLUSION:

Characterization of aortic flow profiles at the DDAo offers a quick and reliable noninvasive means of assessing hemodynamically significant CoA.

Copyright © 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

PMID:
21591014
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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