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Clin Lymphoma Myeloma Leuk. 2011 Apr;11(2):212-8. doi: 10.1016/j.clml.2011.03.007. Epub 2011 Apr 9.

(90)Y ibritumomab tiuxetan (Zevalin) combined with BEAM (Z -BEAM) conditioning regimen plus autologous stem cell transplantation in relapsed or refractory low-grade CD20-positive B-cell lymphoma. A GELA phase II prospective study.

Author information

  • 1Department of Clinical Hematology / Preclinical Investigation Laboratory, Institut Curie, Paris, France. didier.decaudin@curie.net

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

This study was designed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of a conventional dose of yttrium-90 ((90)Y) ibritumomab tiuxetan combined with the etoposide rabinoside acytarabine melphalan (BEAM) regimen before autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) in chemosensitive relapsed or refractory low-grade B-cell lymphomas.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

From March 2005 to August 2006, 77 prospective patients were included, 69 (90%) with follicular lymphomas.

RESULTS:

The last salvage chemotherapy regimen included rituximab for 74 patients and ASCT for 75 patients. Before ASCT, rates of complete response/unconfirmed response (CR/CRu) and partial response were 77% and 23%, respectively. After zevaline-BEAM (Z-BEAM), time to >1 × 10(9)/L neutrophils was 12 days (range, 9-35 days), and time to >20 × 10(9)/L platelets was 12 days (range, 3-42 days). No other significant extrahematologic toxicity was observed. Three months after ASCT, 68 patients (88%) were in CR/CRu. After a median follow-up of 28 months, 2-year event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival were 63% and 97%, respectively, but EFS for first-relapsed patients was 72%. When using patients as their own controls, 2-year EFS was superior after ASCT and compared favorably with the duration of response of last chemotherapy (62% vs. 37%, P = .007) (Point 1.10).

CONCLUSION:

Z-BEAM appears safe and needs to be further evaluated in a randomized trial.

2011. Published by Elsevier Inc.

PMID:
21575926
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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