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Ghana Med J. 2011 Mar;45(1):16-21.

A survey of female genital schistosomiasis of the lower reproductive tract in the volta basin of Ghana.

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  • 1Volta Basin Research Project, University of Ghana, P.O. Box 209, Legon, Ghana.



To determine the prevalence of female genital schistosomiasis in riparian communities in the Volta basin of Ghana,


The study was a cross-sectional study conducted among women 15-49 years in the Volta Basin. Urinary schistosomiasis prevalence was determined using microscopy. A structured questionnaire was also administered to collect information on the demography, obstetric history and reproductive health experiences. Cervical punch biopsy was collected from women who consented to be screened for FGS. Descriptive statistics was used to determine frequency of occurrence, chi squared and logistic regression to identify associated variables


Urinary schistosomiasis prevalence among the women was 24.8% while 10.6% of them diagnosed with FGS. More FGS diagnosed women (57.7%, p value =0.04%) were observed to report copious discharge, vaginal itch (80.8%, p=0.042) and lower abdominal pain (66.7%, p= 0.041) compared to FGS negative women. The predominant abnormal observation of the lower genital tract made was erythematous cervix (18.8%).


The study confirms the reproductive health symptoms associated with FGS and recommends awareness creation on FGS among women in endemic communities to facilitate early treatment.


Female Genital Schistosomiasis; Volta Basin; lower abdominal pain; vaginal itch

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