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QJM. 2011 Jul;104(7):561-9. doi: 10.1093/qjmed/hcr069. Epub 2011 May 13.

Ischaemic and bleeding complications with new, compared to standard, ADP-antagonist regimens in acute coronary syndromes: a meta-analysis of randomized trials.

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  • 1Maggiore della Carità Hospital, Università del Piemonte Orientale, Novara, Italy.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Platelets play a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of acute coronary syndromes (ACS) and their inhibition remains a mainstay therapy in this setting. We aimed to perform a meta-analysis of randomized trials to evaluate the benefits of new oral antiplatelet regimens to block platelet ADP-receptors compared to standard-dose clopidogrel (300 mg loading dose followed by 75 mg/daily).

METHODS:

We obtained results from all randomized trials enrolling patients with ACS. Primary endpoint was mortality. Secondary endpoints were myocardial infarction and definite in-stent thrombosis. Safety endpoint was the risk of major bleeding complications. We prespecified subanalyses according to new antiplatelet drugs (prasugrel/ticagrelor), high-dose clopidogrel (600 mg) and patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention.

RESULTS:

A total of seven randomized trials were finally included in the meta-analysis (n = 58 591). We observed a significant reduction in mortality (2.9% vs. 3.4%, OR = 0.87, 95% CI 0.79-0.95, P = 0.002), recurrent myocardial infarction (4.2% vs. 5.2%, OR = 0.80, 95% CI 0.74-0.87, P < 0.0001), definite in-stent thrombosis (0.9% vs. 1.7%, OR = 0.52, 95% CI 0.43-0.63, P < 0.0001). The benefits in mortality and reinfarction were driven by the treatment with prasugrel or ticagrelor, without a significant difference in terms of major bleeding complications as compared to standard-dose clopidogrel (5% vs. 4.7%, OR = 1.06 95% CI 0.96-1.17, P = 0.25).

CONCLUSION:

This meta-analysis showed that new oral antiplatelet regimens are associated with a significant reduction in mortality, reinfarction and in-stent thrombosis in ACS patients without an overall increase of major bleeding when treated with new antiplatelet drugs.

PMID:
21572108
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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