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J Immunol. 1990 Apr 1;144(7):2599-603.

IL-6 activity in feline infectious peritonitis.

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  • 1Department of Veterinary Internal Medicine, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Tokyo, Japan.

Abstract

Involvement of IL-6 in the development of vasculitis and polyclonal gammopathy in feline infectious peritonitis (FIP) was investigated, by using the proliferative responses of two IL-6-dependent murine hybridoma cell clones, B3B1 and MH60.BSF-2 cells. A significant IL-6 activity was found in sera and ascitic fluids of cats with FIP, whereas no IL-6 activity was detected in sera from healthy cats. In these FIP cats, IL-6 activity in ascitic fluids was significantly higher than that in sera. Peritoneal exudate cells from FIP cats were also found to release a high level of IL-6 to the culture supernatant. The ascitic IL-6 activity was eluted into the fractions corresponding to the m.w. of 30,000 to 40,000 in gel filtration, and into the fractions at the salt concentration from 0.2 to 0.3 M NaCl in anion exchange chromatography. The level of ascitic IL-6 activity was inversely correlated to serum albumin/globulin ratio in these FIP cats. These findings indicate that IL-6 accumulated in the ascites might leaked into the systemic circulation, and be linked to systemic alterations such as enhanced synthesis of Ig and acute phase proteins.

PMID:
2156926
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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