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Am J Public Health. 2011 Jul;101(7):1241-7. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2011.300178. Epub 2011 May 12.

Quit attempts and quit rates among menthol and nonmenthol smokers in the United States.

Author information

  • 1Department of Economics, University of Baltimore, Baltimore, MD, USA. dlevy@ubalt.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

We compared quit attempts and quit rates among menthol and nonmenthol cigarette smokers in the United States.

METHODS:

We used data from the 2003 and 2006-2007 waves of the large, nationally representative Tobacco Use Supplement to the Current Population Survey with control for state-level tobacco control spending, prices, and smoke-free air laws. We estimated mean prevalence, quit rates, and multivariate logistic regression equations by using self-respondent weights for menthol and nonmenthol smokers.

RESULTS:

In 2003 and 2007, 70% of smokers smoked nonmenthol cigarettes, 26% smoked menthol cigarettes, and 4% had no preference. Quit attempts were 4.3% higher in 2003 and 8.8% higher in 2007 among menthol than nonmenthol smokers. The likelihood of quitting was 3.5% lower for quitting in the past year and 6% lower for quitting in the past 5 years in menthol compared with nonmenthol smokers. Quit success in the past 5 years was further eroded among menthol-smoking Blacks and young adults.

CONCLUSIONS:

Menthol smokers are more likely to make quit attempts, but are less successful at staying quit. The creation of menthol preference through marketing may reduce quit success.

PMID:
21566032
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3110228
Free PMC Article
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