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ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2011 Jun;3(6):1953-7. doi: 10.1021/am2001696. Epub 2011 May 20.

Pseudo first-order adsorption kinetics of N719 dye on TiO2 surface.

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  • 1School of Chemical Engineering and Department of Energy Science, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746, Korea.


We have investigated the adsorption kinetics of Ru-based N719 dye on TiO(2) surface in dye-sensitized solar cell using 0.5 mM and 5 mM dye solutions. The amount of adsorbed dye on TiO(2) surface of ca. 5 μm-thick film was measured as a function of immersion (adsorption) time. The amount of adsorbed dye increases with increasing the adsorption time and keeps constant after saturation. Completion of dye adsorption is found to be more than 5 times faster in 5 mM than in 0.5 mM. Since the change of dye concentration is negligible compared to that of number of TiO(2) adsorption site, reaction order and rate constant can be estimated from a pseudo reaction. Among the zeroth-, first-, and second-order simulation, the observed data follow first order reaction for both 0.5 mM and 5 mM cases. The rate constant is estimated to be 0.504 min(-1) for 5 mM and 0.094 min(-1) for 0.5 mM, which indicates that completion of dye adsorption is about 5 times shorter in 5 mM than in 0.5 mM. This is consistent with the observed adsorption time difference. Except for the difference in adsorption kinetics, best cell efficiency is similar regardless of dye solution concentration.

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