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Diab Vasc Dis Res. 2011 Apr;8(2):143-9. doi: 10.1177/1479164111403784.

The predictive value of inflammatory activity and markers of the adipo-insular axis on restenosis in patients with type 2 diabetes.

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  • 1Cardiology Unit, Department of Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.



Patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) have a high restenosis rate after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). This study investigated whether markers of inflammation and the adipo-insular axis associated with T2DM and poor metabolic control were able to predict restenosis after PCI in T2DM patients.


The predictive value of traditional and non-traditional risk markers, including IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α, hsCRP, interferon gamma, leptin, IGF-I, insulin, proinsulin and NT-proBNP, was investigated in 82 patients with T2DM. A re-angiography 6 months after the index percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) revealed that 43% of the patients had a restenosis. In a multiple regression analysis, the only independent predictors of restenosis were fasting glucose before the PCI and previous myocardial infarction (odds ratio [OR] 1.44, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.07-1.92; p = 0.015 and OR 8.00, 95% CI 2.49-25.67; p ≤ 0.001, respectively). None of the other markers remained as significant predictors.


Fasting glucose prior to the PCI was an independent predictor of restenosis in patients with T2DM while analyses of a variety of markers related to inflammation and the adipo-insular axis did not add any further information.

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