Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
Public Health Rep. 2011 May-Jun;126(3):354-60.

Trends in hospitalizations with antibiotic-resistant infections: U.S., 1997-2006.

Author information

  • 1Medical University of South Carolina, Department of Family Medicine, 295 Calhoun St., Charleston, SC 29425, USA. mainouag@musc.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Antibiotic resistance is a significant global problem, but the trends in prevalence and impact of antibiotic resistance in hospitalizations in the United States are unclear. We evaluated the trends in hospitalizations associated with antibiotic-resistant infections in U.S. hospitals from 1997 to 2006.

METHODS:

We analyzed the National Hospital Discharge Survey (NHDS) during 1997-2006 (unweighted n = 3.3 million hospitalizations; weighted n = 370.3 million hospitalizations) and examined trends in prevalence of hospitalizations with antibiotic-resistant infections, length of stay, and discharge status.

RESULTS:

The number of infection-related hospitalizations with antibiotic resistance increased 359% during the 10-year period, from 37,005 in 1997 to 169,985 in 2006. The steepest rise was seen among individuals < 18 years of age. The mean age of individuals with infection-related hospitalizations that had antibiotic-resistant infections decreased substantially, from 65.7 years (standard error [SE] = 2.01) in 1997 to 44.2 years (SE = 1.47) in 2006. As the proportion of patients with antibiotic-resistant infections who did not have insurance increased, the length of stay for those hospitalizations had a corresponding decrease (r = 0.91, p < 0.01).

CONCLUSIONS:

Antibiotic-resistant infections are becoming increasingly commonplace in hospitalizations in the U.S., with a steady upward trend between 1997 and 2006. Antibiotic-resistant infections are increasingly being seen in younger patients and those without health insurance.

PMID:
21553664
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3072857
Free PMC Article

Images from this publication.See all images (3)Free text

Figure 1.
Figure 2.
Figure 3.
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk