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Musculoskelet Surg. 2011 Dec;95(3):183-91. doi: 10.1007/s12306-011-0137-4. Epub 2011 May 3.

Graft fixation alternatives in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.

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  • Orthopaedic and Traumatologic Surgery, ASL BARI, viale Regina Margherita, 74, Altamura, Bari, Italy. bernasacco@yahoo.it


Reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament is a frequently performed procedure that has had outstanding results. Outcomes are dependent upon an early postoperative physical therapy program that stresses early motion. Early rehabilitation demands rigid intraoperative mechanical fixation of the graft since therapy begins before biologic incorporation of the graft in the bone tunnels. Regardless of the graft substitute chosen, many methods of fixation are available. The best fixation technique depends on several factors, including graft choice and surgeon comfort. The figures are not documented in this paper. We review current methods available for graft fixation in anterior cruciate ligament surgery.

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