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Oncol Nurs Forum. 2011 May;38(3):E212-20. doi: 10.1188/11.ONF.E212-E220.

Investigation of standard care versus sham Reiki placebo versus actual Reiki therapy to enhance comfort and well-being in a chemotherapy infusion center.

Author information

  • 1School of Nursing, Sonoma State University, Rohnert Park, CA, USA. catlin@sonoma.edu

Abstract

PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES:

To determine whether provision of Reiki therapy during outpatient chemotherapy is associated with increased comfort and well-being.

DESIGN:

Double-blind, randomized clinical controlled trial.

SETTING:

Outpatient chemotherapy center.

SAMPLE:

189 participants were randomized to actual Reiki, sham Reiki placebo, or standard care.

METHODS:

Patients receiving chemotherapy were randomly placed into one of three groups. Patients received either standard care, a placebo, or an actual Reiki therapy treatment. A demographic tool and pre- and post-tests were given before and after chemotherapy infusion.

MAIN RESEARCH VARIABLES:

Reiki therapy, sham Reiki placebo therapy, standard care, and self-reported levels of comfort and well-being pre- and postintervention.

FINDINGS:

Although Reiki therapy was statistically significant in raising the comfort and well-being of patients post-therapy, the sham Reiki placebo also was statistically significant. Patients in the standard care group did not experience changes in comfort and well-being during their infusion session.

CONCLUSIONS:

The findings indicate that the presence of an RN providing one-on-one support during chemotherapy was influential in raising comfort and well-being levels, with or without an attempted healing energy field.

IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING:

An attempt by clinic nurses to provide more designated one-to-one presence and support for patients while receiving their chemotherapy infusions could increase patient comfort and well-being.

PMID:
21531671
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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