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J Diabetes Sci Technol. 2011 Mar 1;5(2):345-52.

Automated near-continuous glucose monitoring measured in plasma using mid-infrared spectroscopy.

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  • 1Profil Institut für Stoffwechselforschung GmbH, Neuss, Germany.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

There are increasing calls for a precise, automated system to enable tight glycemic control and to avoid hypoglycemia in an intensive care unit setting. OptiScan Biomedical has developed a glucose monitor based on mid-infrared spectroscopy that withdraws blood samples (120 µl) and measures plasma glucose. The goal of this study was to validate the performance of the OptiScan Model 5000 over a wide range of glycemic levels in patients.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS:

Sixty people with type 1 (n = 18) or type 2 (n = 42) diabetes who were otherwise healthy were connected to OptiScanners. Their blood glucose concentrations were kept in a euglycemic, hypoglycemic (<75 mg/dl), and hyperglycemic (>180 mg/dl) range by intravenous administrations of insulin and glucose. OptiScanner venous blood samples were automatically withdrawn every 15 minutes. Reference measurements were done using the YSI 2300 glucose analyzer.

RESULTS:

The aggregate data points (1155 paired readings) were within International Organization for Standardization standards, with 98.6% of the glucose values within ±20% above 75 mg/dl and ±15 mg/dl below this value. A Clarke error grid analysis showed a total of 1139 points (98.6%) in zone A. Points outside of A exceeded the A zone boundary by an average of 4.3%. The r(2) was 0.99. The total coefficient for variance was 6.4%.

CONCLUSIONS:

These results show that the OptiScanner is highly accurate in healthy patients with diabetes across a wide range of glucose values. Mid-infrared spectroscopy may become the method of choice for highly accurate, high frequency, automated glucose measurements and may thus enable better glycemic control in critically ill patients.

© 2011 Diabetes Technology Society.

PMID:
21527104
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3125927
Free PMC Article
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