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PLoS Biol. 2011 Apr;9(4):e1001046. doi: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1001046. Epub 2011 Apr 19.

A user's guide to the encyclopedia of DNA elements (ENCODE).

Collaborators (361)

Myers RM, Stamatoyannopoulos J, Snyder M, Dunham I, Hardison RC, Bernstein BE, Gingeras TR, Kent WJ, Birney E, Wold B, Crawford GE, Bernstein BE, Epstein CB, Shoresh N, Ernst J, Mikkelsen TS, Kheradpour P, Zhang X, Wang L, Issner R, Coyne MJ, Durham T, Ku M, Truong T, Ward LD, Altshuler RC, Lin MF, Kellis M, Gingeras TR, Davis CA, Kapranov P, Dobin A, Zaleski C, Schlesinger F, Batut P, Chakrabortty S, Jha S, Lin W, Drenkow J, Wang H, Bell K, Gao H, Bell I, Dumais E, Dumais J, Antonarakis SE, Ucla C, Borel C, Guigo R, Djebali S, Lagarde J, Kingswood C, Ribeca P, Sammeth M, Alioto T, Merkel A, Tilgner H, Carninci P, Hayashizaki Y, Lassmann T, Takahashi H, Abdelhamid RF, Hannon G, Fejes-Toth K, Preall J, Gordon A, Sotirova V, Reymond A, Howald C, Graison E, Chrast J, Ruan Y, Ruan X, Shahab A, Ting Poh W, Wei CL, Crawford GE, Furey TS, Boyle AP, Sheffield NC, Song L, Shibata Y, Vales T, Winter D, Zhang Z, London D, Wang T, Birney E, Keefe D, Iyer VR, Lee BK, McDaniell RM, Liu Z, Battenhouse A, Bhinge AA, Lieb JD, Grasfeder LL, Showers KA, Giresi PG, Kim SK, Shestak C, Myers RM, Pauli F, Reddy TE, Gertz J, Partridge EC, Jain P, Sprouse RO, Bansal A, Pusey B, Muratet MA, Varley KE, Bowling KM, Newberry KM, Nesmith AS, Dilocker JA, Parker SL, Waite LL, Thibeault K, Roberts K, Absher DM, Wold B, Mortazavi A, Williams B, Marinov G, Trout D, Pepke S, King B, McCue K, Kirilusha A, DeSalvo G, Fisher-Aylor K, Amrhein H, Vielmetter J, Sherlock G, Sidow A, Batzoglou S, Rauch R, Kundaje A, Libbrecht M, Margulies EH, Parker SC, Elnitski L, Green ED, Hubbard T, Harrow J, Searle S, Kokocinski F, Aken B, Frankish A, Hunt T, Despacio-Reyes G, Kay M, Mukherjee G, Bignell A, Saunders G, Boychenko V, Van Baren M, Brown RH, Khurana E, Balasubramanian S, Zhang Z, Lam H, Cayting P, Robilotto R, Lu Z, Guigo R, Derrien T, Tanzer A, Knowles DG, Mariotti M, James Kent W, Haussler D, Harte R, Diekhans M, Kellis M, Lin M, Kheradpour P, Ernst J, Reymond A, Howald C, Graison EA, Chrast J, Tress M, Rodriguez JM, Snyder M, Landt SG, Raha D, Shi M, Euskirchen G, Grubert F, Kasowski M, Lian J, Cayting P, Lacroute P, Xu Y, Monahan H, Patacsil D, Slifer T, Yang X, Charos A, Reed B, Wu L, Auerbach RK, Habegger L, Hariharan M, Rozowsky J, Abyzov A, Weissman SM, Gerstein M, Struhl K, Lamarre-Vincent N, Lindahl-Allen M, Miotto B, Moqtaderi Z, Fleming JD, Newburger P, Farnham PJ, Frietze S, O'Geen H, Xu X, Blahnik KR, Cao AR, Iyengar S, Stamatoyannopoulos JA, Kaul R, Thurman RE, Wang H, Navas PA, Sandstrom R, Sabo PJ, Weaver M, Canfield T, Lee K, Neph S, Roach V, Reynolds A, Johnson A, Rynes E, Giste E, Vong S, Neri J, Frum T, Johnson EM, Nguyen ED, Ebersol AK, Sanchez ME, Sheffer HH, Lotakis D, Haugen E, Humbert R, Kutyavin T, Shafer T, Dekker J, Lajoie BR, Sanyal A, James Kent W, Rosenbloom KR, Dreszer TR, Raney BJ, Barber GP, Meyer LR, Sloan CA, Malladi VS, Cline MS, Learned K, Swing VK, Zweig AS, Rhead B, Fujita PA, Roskin K, Karolchik D, Kuhn RM, Haussler D, Birney E, Dunham I, Wilder SP, Keefe D, Sobral D, Herrero J, Beal K, Lukk M, Brazma A, Vaquerizas JM, Luscombe NM, Bickel PJ, Boley N, Brown JB, Li Q, Huang H, Gerstein M, Habegger L, Sboner A, Rozowsky J, Auerbach RK, Yip KY, Cheng C, Yan KK, Bhardwaj N, Wang J, Lochovsky L, Jee J, Gibson T, Leng J, Du J, Hardison RC, Harris RS, Song G, Miller W, Haussler D, Roskin K, Suh B, Wang T, Paten B, Noble WS, Hoffman MM, Buske OJ, Weng Z, Dong X, Wang J, Xi H, Tenenbaum SA, Doyle F, Penalva LO, Chittur S, Tullius TD, Parker SC, White KP, Karmakar S, Victorsen A, Jameel N, Bild N, Grossman RL, Snyder M, Landt SG, Yang X, Patacsil D, Slifer T, Dekker J, Lajoie BR, Sanyal A, Weng Z, Whitfield TW, Wang J, Collins PJ, Trinklein ND, Partridge EC, Myers RM, Giddings MC, Chen X, Khatun J, Maier C, Yu Y, Gunawardena H, Risk B, Feingold EA, Lowdon RF, Dillon LA, Good PJ, Harrow J, Searle S.

Author information

  • 1HudsonAlpha Institute for Biotechnology, Huntsville, Alabama, United States of America. rmyers@hudsonalpha.org

Abstract

The mission of the Encyclopedia of DNA Elements (ENCODE) Project is to enable the scientific and medical communities to interpret the human genome sequence and apply it to understand human biology and improve health. The ENCODE Consortium is integrating multiple technologies and approaches in a collective effort to discover and define the functional elements encoded in the human genome, including genes, transcripts, and transcriptional regulatory regions, together with their attendant chromatin states and DNA methylation patterns. In the process, standards to ensure high-quality data have been implemented, and novel algorithms have been developed to facilitate analysis. Data and derived results are made available through a freely accessible database. Here we provide an overview of the project and the resources it is generating and illustrate the application of ENCODE data to interpret the human genome.

PMID:
21526222
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3079585
Free PMC Article
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