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RNA Biol. 2011 May-Jun;8(3):427-39. Epub 2011 May 1.

Potential in vivo roles of nucleic acid triple-helices.

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  • 1Institute for Molecular Bioscience, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD Australia.

Abstract

The ability of double-stranded DNA to form a triple-helical structure by hydrogen bonding with a third strand is well established, but the biological functions of these structures remain largely unknown. There is considerable albeit circumstantial evidence for the existence of nucleic triplexes in vivo and their potential participation in a variety of biological processes including chromatin organization, DNA repair, transcriptional regulation, and RNA processing has been investigated in a number of studies to date. There is also a range of possible mechanisms to regulate triplex formation through differential expression of triplex-forming RNAs, alteration of chromatin accessibility, sequence unwinding and nucleotide modifications. With the advent of next generation sequencing technology combined with targeted approaches to isolate triplexes, it is now possible to survey triplex formation with respect to their genomic context, abundance and dynamical changes during differentiation and development, which may open up new vistas in understanding genome biology and gene regulation.

© 2011 Landes Bioscience

PMID:
21525785
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3218511
Free PMC Article

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