Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Atherosclerosis. 2011 Aug;217(2):465-72. doi: 10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2011.03.039. Epub 2011 Apr 5.

Impaired inhibition of P2Y(12) by clopidogrel is a major determinant of cardiac death in diabetes mellitus patients treated by percutaneous coronary intervention.

Author information

  • 1Pôle d'Activité Médico-Chirurgicale Cardiovasculaire, Nouvel Hôpital Civil, Université de Strasbourg, France.



We sought to determine whether low platelet response (LR) to the P2Y(12) receptor antagonist as assessed by vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein flow cytometry (VASP-FCT) differentially affects outcome in patients with or without diabetes mellitus undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention.


While both DM and LR to clopidogrel are known to predict an unfavorable outcome after PCI, the deleterious effect of their association is less well established. The VASP-FCT is specific for the P2Y(12) ADP receptor pathway. In this test, platelet activation is expressed as the platelet reactivity index (PRI).


Patients were assigned to four different groups according to the presence or not of DM (DM, NDM) and LR to clopidogrel (LR, R). LR was defined as a PRI of >61%, a threshold previously identified as the optimal cut-off value to predict cardiac death following PCI.


A total of 436 consecutive patients (163 DM, 273 NDM) were enrolled. The proportion of LR patients was higher in DM (47.9% vs. 35.2% p=0.011). At 9±2 months follow-up, the rates of total and cardiac mortality and possible and overall stent thrombosis were higher in DM-LR patients. Conversely, the cardiovascular outcome of DM-R patients was comparable to that of NDM (-LR or -R) patients. In DM, a multivariate analysis identified LR to clopidogrel (HR 6.09 [1.27-29.08], p=0.023) as the sole independent predictor of cardiac mortality.


In DM patients undergoing PCI, LR to clopidogrel is an independent predictor of cardiac death.

Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk