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Plant Cell. 1990 Jul;2(7):673-84.

Chitinase, beta-1,3-glucanase, osmotin, and extensin are expressed in tobacco explants during flower formation.

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  • 1Division of Plant Industry, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization, Canberra, Australia.

Abstract

Sequence analysis of five gene families that were isolated from tobacco thin cell layer explants initiating floral development [Meeks-Wagner et al. (1989). Plant Cell 1, 25-35] showed that two encode the pathogenesis-related proteins basic chitinase and basic beta-1,3-glucanase, while a third encodes the cell wall protein extensin, which also accumulates during pathogen attack. Another sequence family encodes the water stress-induced protein osmotin [Singh et al. (1989). Plant Physiol. 90, 1096-1101]. We found that osmotin was also induced by viral infection and wounding and, hence, could be considered a pathogenesis-related protein. These genes, which were highly expressed in explants during de novo flower formation but not in explants forming vegetative shoots [Meeks-Wagner et al. (1989). Plant Cell 1, 25-35], were also regulated developmentally in day-neutral and photoresponsive tobacco plants with high expression levels in the roots and moderate- to low-level expression in other plant organs including flowers. An unidentified gene family, FB7-4, had its highest level of expression in the basal internodes. Our findings indicate that these genes, some of which are conventionally considered to encode pathogen-related proteins, also have a complex association with normal developmental processes, including the floral response, in healthy plants.

PMID:
2152343
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC159921
Free PMC Article
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