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Heart Surg Forum. 2011 Apr;14(2):E81-6. doi: 10.1532/HSF98.201011115.

Resource utilization in off-pump versus conventional coronary artery bypass grafting in a community hospital: a comparative analysis using propensity scoring.

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  • 1Gulf Coast Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgeons, Naples, Florida Naples Community Hospital, Naples, FL, USA.



At a time when cost containment in health care is under increased scrutiny, coronary artery bypass grafting remains the most widely performed cardiac surgical procedure in the world. This study compares 30-day mortality, morbidity, and resource use for off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) versus conventional coronary artery bypass (CCAB) revascularization.


From January 2000 through December 2008, 1003 patients underwent OPCAB grafting by a single surgeon (S.C.S.). Data were prospectively collected, entered into a Society of Thoracic Surgeons adult cardiac surgery database, and analyzed retrospectively. We used propensity-matching techniques to match this cohort to a group of 1003 patients who underwent CCAB.


The hospital mortality rate was lower for the OPCAB patients than for the CCAB patients: 2.0% (20/1003) versus 2.8% (28/1003). Predictors of hospital mortality for the entire cohort included age (P = .001), cardiogenic shock (P = .001), congestive heart failure (P = .019), history of myocardial infarction (P = .001), and reoperation (P = .007). The overall incidence of morbidity was lower for the OPCAB patients (reoperation for bleeding, P = .011; prolonged ventilation, P = .035; stroke, P = .045; cardiac arrest, P = .004). OPCAB patients experienced significantly reduced procedure times (P = .001), postoperative ventilation times (P = .035), post-operative lengths of stay (P = .035), and blood product use (intraoperative, P = .001; postoperative, P = .001).


These outcomes clearly demonstrate that OPCAB is a safe and effective procedure for myocardial revascularization. This retrospective, nonrandomized observational study has shown that the patients who underwent OPCAB had reduced morbidity and mortality, as well as decreased resource use, compared with those who underwent CCAB.

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