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Biochemistry. 1978 Nov 28;17(24):5141-6.

Subunit dissociation in the allosteric regulation of glycerol kinase from Escherichia coli. 2. Physical evidence.

Abstract

The dependence of the molecular weight of glycerol kinase on enzyme concentration and on binding of fructose 1,6-bisphosphate has been examined by velocity sedimentation, gel filtration, and polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The sedimentation coefficient and Stokes radius decrease as a consequence of dilution in a manner consistent with dissociation into half-molecules, with limiting values suggesting molecular weights of about 218,000 and 136,000 for the associated and dissociated species, respectively. Fructose 1,6-bisphosphate (5 mM) prevents the decrease in sedimentation coefficient brought about by dilution, suggesting a decrease in the apparent subunit dissociation constant of at least four orders of magnitude. Electrophoretic mobility in polyacrylamide gels increases as a consequence of dilution in the absence, but not in the presence, of fructose 1,6-bisphosphate. Ferguson plots indicate that glycerol kinase has the same molecular weight in the presence of fructose 1,6-bisphosphate as the covalently cross-linked tetramer and is substantially smaller in the absence of fructose 1,6-bisphosphate. These results are consistent with the model of glycerol kinase proposed in the preceding paper of this issue [de Riel, J.K., and Paulus, H. (1978), Biochemistry 17] relating subunit dissociation and ligand binding.

PMID:
215195
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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