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Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2011 Jul;205(1):51.e1-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2011.02.029. Epub 2011 Apr 22.

Medication use during pregnancy, with particular focus on prescription drugs: 1976-2008.

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  • 1Slone Epidemiology Center at Boston University, Boston, MA, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The objective of the study was to provide information on overall medication use throughout pregnancy, with particular focus on the first trimester and specific prescription medications.

STUDY DESIGN:

The study design included the Slone Epidemiology Center Birth Defects Study, 1976-2008, and the National Birth Defects Prevention Study, 1997-2003, which together interviewed more than 30,000 women about their antenatal medication use.

RESULTS:

Over the last 3 decades, first-trimester use of prescription medication increased by more than 60%, and the use of 4 or more medications more than tripled. By 2008, approximately 50% of women reported taking at least 1 medication. Use of some specific medications markedly decreased or increased. Prescription medication use increased with maternal age and education, was highest for non-Hispanic whites, and varied by state.

CONCLUSION:

These data reflect the widespread and growing use of medications by pregnant women and reinforce the need to study their respective fetal risks and safety.

Copyright © 2011 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID:
21514558
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3793635
Free PMC Article
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