Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2011 Nov 15;81(4):e377-83. doi: 10.1016/j.ijrobp.2011.02.037. Epub 2011 Apr 20.

Urethra-sparing, intraoperative, real-time planned, permanent-seed prostate brachytherapy: toxicity analysis.

Author information

  • 1Department of Radiation Oncology, Centre hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal-Hôpital Notre-Dame, Montréal, QC, Canada.



To report the toxicity outcome in patients with localized prostate cancer undergoing (125)I permanent-seed brachytherapy (BT) according to a urethra-sparing, intraoperative (IO), real-time planned conformal technique.


Data were analyzed on 250 patients treated consecutively for low- or intermediate-risk prostate cancer between 2005 and 2009. The planned goal was urethral V(150) = 0. Acute and late genitourinary (GU), gastrointestinal (GI), and erectile toxicities were scored with the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) questionnaire and Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (version 3.0). Median follow-up time for patients with at least 2 years of follow-up (n = 130) was 34.4 months (range, 24-56.9 months).


Mean IO urethra V(150) was 0.018% ± 0.08%. Mean prostate D(90) and V(100) on day-30 computed tomography scan were 158.0 ± 27.0 Gy and 92.1% ± 7.2%, respectively. Mean IPSS peak was 9.5 ± 6.3 1 month after BT (mean difference from baseline IPSS, 5.3). No acute GI toxicity was observed in 86.8% of patients. The 3-year probability of Grade ≥2 late GU toxicity-free survival was 77.4% ± 4.0%, with Grade 3 late GU toxicity encountered in only 3 patients. Three-year Grade 1 late GI toxicity-free survival was 86.1% ± 3.2%. No patient presented Grade ≥2 late GI toxicity. Of patients with normal sexual status at baseline, 20.7% manifested Grade ≥2 erectile dysfunction after BT. On multivariate analysis, elevated baseline IPSS (p = 0.016) and high-activity sources (median 0.61 mCi) (p = 0.033) predicted increased Grade ≥2 late GU toxicity.


Urethra-sparing IO BT results in low acute and late GU toxicity compared with the literature. High seed activity and elevated IPSS at baseline increased long-term GU toxicity.

Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk