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J Indian Med Assoc. 2010 Oct;108(10):652-4.

Laparoscopic totally extraperitoneal repair of inguinal hernia using two-hand approach--a gold standard alternative to open repair.

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  • 1GEM Hospital and Research Centre, Coimbatore 641045.


As laparoscopy gained popularity, minimal invasive approach was also applied for hernia surgery. Unfortunately the initial efforts were disappointing due to high early recurrence rate. Experience led to refinement of technique, with acceptable recurrence rates. This combined with the advantages of minimal invasive surgery resulted in a gradual rise in worldwide acceptance of this technique. Our preferred approach for inguinal hernia repair is laparoscopic totally extraperitoneal (TEP); only in complicated hernias (sliding or incarcerated inguinal hernias) we use the transabdominal preperitoneal repair (TAPP) technique. Records of all patients who underwent TEP repair for inguinal hernia at our centre in last 15 years were retrospectively analysed. We have done 8659 hernias in 7023 patients by TEP approach. We have developed minor modifications for the TEP repair over the years. Out of total 8659 hernias 5262 was right sided and 3397 left sided. Of these, 5387 hernias were unilateral and the remainder were bilateral; 324 cases of recurrent hernias following open repair underwent TEP. Most of the patients were males with a mean age of 46 years. Indirect hernias were most common, followed by direct hernias. Right-sided hernias were more common than left-sided hernias. In 39 cases conversion to TAPP was needed. There were intra-operative problems in 250 patients (3.56%).Postoperative complications were seen in 192 patients (2.73%), majority of which were minor complications. There was no mortality. Recurrence rate was 0.39%. The TEP technique is comfortable and highly effective. Our port placement maintains triangular orientation that is considered vital to the ergonomics of laparoscopy. Nearly 98-99% of inguinal hernias can be treated by TEP approach with excellent results.

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