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Arthritis Rheum. 2011 Aug;63(8):2374-84. doi: 10.1002/art.30398.

Estrogen receptor-related receptor α regulation by interleukin-1β in prostaglandin E(2)- and cAMP-dependent pathways in osteoarthritic chondrocytes.

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  • 1INSERM U664, Lyon, France. edith.bonnelye@inserm.fr

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

We reported previously that the orphan nuclear receptor, estrogen receptor-related receptor α (ERRα), is expressed in articular chondrocytes and is dysregulated in a mouse model of inflammatory arthritis. The aim of this study, therefore, was to determine whether ERRα is also dysregulated in patients with osteoarthritis (OA).

METHODS:

ERRα messenger RNA (mRNA) and protein were quantified in normal and OA cartilage samples and in OA chondrocytes in vitro, with and without short-term treatment with a variety of OA-associated factors and signaling pathway agonists and inhibitors.

RESULTS:

ERRα expression was lower in OA than in normal articular cartilage. Interleukin-1β (IL-1β) markedly up-regulated ERRα expression in OA chondrocytes in vitro, and agonist or inhibitor treatment indicated that the up-regulation was dependent on cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2; NS398), prostaglandin E(2), cAMP (8-bromo-cAMP), and protein kinase A (PKA; KT5720). Treatment with the ERRα inverse agonist XCT790 decreased the expression of SOX9 and the up-regulation of ERRα by IL-1β, suggesting autoregulation of ERRα in the IL-1β pathway. Matrix metalloproteinase 13 (MMP-13) expression was also decreased by treatment with XCT790 plus IL-1β versus IL-1β alone, and the down-regulation of MMP-13 mRNA and protein observed with XCT790 alone suggests that the up-regulation of MMP-13 by IL-1β is ERRα-dependent.

CONCLUSION:

We report the first evidence that ERRα expression is regulated by IL-1β in COX-2-, cAMP-, and PKA-dependent pathways in OA chondrocytes. We confirmed that SOX9 is an ERRα target gene in human, as in rodent, chondrocytes and identified MMP-13 as a potential new target gene, which suggests that ERRα may both respond to the healing signal and contribute to extracellular degradation in OA cartilage.

Copyright © 2011 by the American College of Rheumatology.

PMID:
21506092
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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