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Diabetes Care. 2011 Jun;34(6):1362-4. doi: 10.2337/dc11-0005. Epub 2011 Apr 15.

Prevalence of abnormal glucose tolerance and risk factors in urban and rural Malaysia.

Author information

  • 1Department of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Jalan Yaacob Latiff, Bandar Tun Razak, Cheras, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. norlaila@ppukm.ukm.my

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the prevalence of prediabetes and diabetes among rural and urban Malaysians.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS:

This cross-sectional survey was conducted among 3,879 Malaysian adults (1,335 men and 2,544 women). All subjects underwent the 75-g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT).

RESULTS:

The overall prevalence of prediabetes was 22.1% (30.2% in men and 69.8% in women). Isolated impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) were found in 3.4 and 16.1% of the study population, respectively, whereas 2.6% of the subjects had both IFG and IGT. Based on an OGTT, the prevalence of newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes was 12.6% (31.0% in men and 69.0% in women). The prediabetic subjects also had an increased prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors.

CONCLUSIONS:

The large proportion of undiagnosed cases of prediabetes and diabetes reflects the lack of public awareness of the disease.

PMID:
21498788
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3114358
Free PMC Article
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