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Blood. 2011 Jun 30;117(26):7032-41. doi: 10.1182/blood-2010-11-316653. Epub 2011 Apr 15.

Mouse Ly49G2+ NK cells dominate early responses during both immune reconstitution and activation independently of MHC.

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  • 1Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Nevada, Reno, Reno, NV, USA.

Abstract

Natural killer (NK) cell subsets can be defined by the differential expression of inhibitory receptors for MHC class I molecules. Early after congenic HSCT, we found that Ly49G2(high) single-positive NK cells repopulated, displayed an activated phenotype, and were highly cytolytic. Over time, this subset was replaced with NK cells with a normal pattern of Ly49 expression. Treatment of mice with IL-2 also resulted in the rapid expansion of these Ly49G2(high) single-positive NK cells. Only the Ly49g (Klra7) Pro1 transcript was highly induced in both HSCT- and IL-2-treated recipients. MHC-independent expansion of the Ly49G2(+) subset was also observed after Listeria monocytogenes or mouse cytomegalovirus infection. Our data indicate that during reconstitution after HSCT and various activation stimuli, Ly49G2(+) NK cells represent the "first-responder" NK cells, which occur independently of NK-cell licensing via Ly49-MHC interactions. These data suggest that the inhibitory Ly49G2 receptor represents an activation marker on mouse NK cells under various conditions.

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PMID:
21498673
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3143551
Free PMC Article

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