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J Biochem. 1990 Oct;108(4):525-30.

Effect of an inhibitor of glucosylceramide synthesis on cultured rabbit skin fibroblasts.

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  • 1Department of Lipid Biochemistry, Shinshu University School of Medicine, Matsumoto.


1-Phenyl-2-decanoylamino-3-morpholino-1-propanol (PDMP), an effective inhibitor of UDP-glucose:ceramide glucosyltransferase, caused growth inhibition of cultured rabbit skin fibroblasts in a dose-dependent manner. At 50 microM both threo and erythro isomers of PDMP completely suppressed the cell growth. Major gangliosides of the fibroblasts, GM3 and GD3, were greatly reduced in amounts in the presence of threo-PDMP and accumulation of ceramides was observed. Surface labeling with galactose oxidase and [3H]NaBH4 demonstrated that neural glycosphingolipids with four or more sugars present on the surface of control cells were not detectable when the fibroblasts were grown in medium containing threo-PDMP. Metabolic labeling of cellular glycosphingolipids with [14C]-galactose showed reduced incorporation of radioactivity into gangliosides and neutral glycosphingolipids when threo-PDMP was present in the medium. In contrast, the erythro isomer of PDMP did not affect the biosynthesis of glycosphingolipids, a result suggesting that the inhibitory effect of erythro-PDMP on cell growth was due to a mechanism other than the inhibition of glucosyltransferase.

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