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Eur J Cell Biol. 2012 Jan;91(1):78-85. doi: 10.1016/j.ejcb.2011.01.015. Epub 2011 Apr 14.

Sensing of viral nucleic acids by RIG-I: from translocation to translation.

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  • 1Division of Clinical Pharmacology, Ludwig-Maximilian University Munich, Munich, Germany.

Abstract

The innate immune system is a first layer of defense against infection by pathogens. It responds to pathogens by activating host defense mechanisms via interferon and inflammatory cytokine expression. Pathogen associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) are sensed by specific pattern recognition receptors. Among those, the ATP dependent helicase related RIG-I like receptors RIG-I, MDA5 and LGP2 sense the presence of viral RNA in the cytoplasm of host cells. While the precise PAMPs and functions of MDA5 or LGP2 are still unclear, RIG-I senses predominantly viral RNA containing a 5'-triphosphate along with dsRNA regions. Here we review our current knowledge of how these PAMPs are sensed and integrated by RIG-I, and how RIG-I's innate immune function can be used in translational medical approaches.

Copyright © 2011 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.

PMID:
21496944
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3155743
Free PMC Article

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