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Indian J Psychiatry. 1998 Oct;40(4):338-45.

Age and gender related analysis of psychosocial factors in attempted suicide.

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  • 1M.D., D.P.M., D.N.B. (Psych.), MNAMS, Lecturer, Department of Psychiatry, Medical College, Calicut.


Hundred consecutive suicide attempters admitted in the Medical Intensive Care Unit(MlCU) of Christian Medical College, Vellore during the period December 1991 to December 1992 were evaluated in detail with respect to all psycho-socio-demographic variables. Instruments used included a specially designed sociodemographic proforma, Gurmeet Singh's Presumptive Stressful Life Event Scale, Suicide Intent Questionnaire and DSM III R Diagnostic Criteria. Young males constituted major part of the sample. Organophosphorus poisoning was the commonest mode of suicide attempt. More than 90% had psychiatric diagnosis. Adjustment disorder was the commonest psychiatric diagnosis followed by major depression and alcohol abuse/dependence. Many of the risk factors reported earlier was found to be operating in older age group only. Among males the commonest mode of attempt was organophosphorus poisoning whereas in females it was drug over dose and native poisoning. The implication of these findings are discussed in the context of prevention and further management strategies.


Suicide; age; attempted suicide; gender; medical intensive care unit

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