Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Heart Lung Transplant. 2011 Aug;30(8):912-9. doi: 10.1016/j.healun.2011.02.006. Epub 2011 Apr 13.

Effect of inpatient rehabilitation on quality of life and exercise capacity in long-term lung transplant survivors: a prospective, randomized study.

Author information

  • 1Division of Pulmonary Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine I, Klinikum Grosshadern, Ludwig Maximilians University, Munich, Germany.



The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of an inpatient rehabilitation program on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and exercise capacity (EC) in long-term (>1 year after lung transplantation) survivors (LTSs) in comparison to a control group (CG).


Sixty LTSs, 4.5 ± 3.2 years after lung transplantation (LTx), were randomly assigned to two equally sized groups that were stratified for gender and underlying disease. Thirty LTSs (age 49 ± 13 years, 13 male and 17 females, 19 double LTxs, 7 BOS Stage ≥ 1) attended an inpatient rehabilitation program (intervention group, IG) for 23 ± 5 days. The CG (age 50 ± 12 years, 13 males and 17 females, 20 double LTxs, 2 BOS Stage ≥ 1) received medical standard therapy (physiotherapy). Patients were evaluated by cardiopulmonary exercise testing, 6-minute walk test (6MWT), SF-36, SGRQ and the Quality of Life Profile for Chronic Diseases questionnaire before and after (18 ± 3 days) the program.


The groups were statistically indistinguishable in terms of clinical data. Each treatment group significantly improved their sub-maximal EC (6MWT: IG, 493 ± 90 m vs 538 ± 90 m, p < 0.001; CG, 490 ± 88 m vs 514 ± 89 m, p < 0.001) and maximal EC (VO(2peak): IG, 17.0 vs 18.5 ml/min/kg, p = 0.039; CG, 18.0 vs 19.5 ml/min/kg, p = 0.005), without reaching statistical significance between the groups. In both study groups, patients HRQOL tended to improve. Significant correlations were found between EC parameters and HRQOL scales.


Our data suggest that structured physical training may improve exercise tolerance in LTS. Our study results did not demonstrate a significant benefit of an inpatient over an outpatient exercise program.

Copyright © 2011 International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk