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Muscle Nerve. 2011 Jun;43(6):878-86. doi: 10.1002/mus.21986. Epub 2011 Apr 12.

Changes in muscle T2 and tissue damage after downhill running in mdx mice.

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  • 1Department of Physical Therapy, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA.



In this study we compared the effects of downhill or horizontal treadmill running on the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) transverse relaxation time constant (T(2)) in mdx mice.


Mice underwent either downhill (n = 11 mdx, n = 6 controls) or horizontal running (n = 9, mdx only) on a treadmill. MRI was conducted prior to exercise, immediately afterward (∽20 minutes), and then 24 and 48 hours after exercise.


A higher percentage of pixels with elevated T(2) in the lower hindlimb muscles was observed in the mdx mice compared with controls both pre-exercise (P < 0.001) and at each time-point after downhill running (P < 0.05), but not with horizontal running. The medial compartment muscles appeared to be the most susceptible to increased T(2).


Downhill running provides a stimulus for inducing acute changes in muscle T(2) in mdx mice. MRI is a non-invasive approach for examining acute muscle damage and recovery in multiple muscle groups simultaneously.

Copyright © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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