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Transplant Proc. 2011 Apr;43(3):751-2. doi: 10.1016/j.transproceed.2011.03.005.

Influence of infection by Aspergillus in arterial complications after liver transplantation: evolution and results in 670 transplants.

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  • 1Unidad de Trasplante Hepático, Hospital Universitario Puerta de Hierro Majadahonda, UAM, Madrid, Spain.


The incidence of fungal complications is frequent among liver transplanted subjects. Between March 1986 and June 2009, we performed 670 liver transplants in 593 patients, including 61% males and an overall average age of 46. The incidence of arterial complications in our center was 5.3% (32/593 patients), including 24 (75%) thromboses, 5 (16%) pseudoaneurysms, 2 anastomotic stenoses, and 1 an iliac graft rupture owing to a mycotic aneurysm. Four patients presented arterial complications associated with Aspergillus sp. Three of them were males of mean age 50 years and 3 had an acute rejection episode. Immunosuppression was cyclosporine (CsA), steroids, and azathioprine. Four arterial complications were diagnosed: 2 thromboses and 2 pseudoaneurysm ruptures. Two patients presented biliary complications associated with the arterial complication and Aspergillus infection. Treatment was expectant in 1 patient, interventional radiology in an other, and retransplantation in the other 2. All patients infected with Aspergillus sp. diad of sepsis and multiorgan failure. Arterial complications posttransplant associated with infection by Aspergillus sp., can be an important cause of retransplantation, sepsis and death.

Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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