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Br J Pharmacol. 2011 Nov;164(5):1433-44. doi: 10.1111/j.1476-5381.2011.01419.x.

Methyl jasmonate down-regulates survivin expression and sensitizes colon carcinoma cells towards TRAIL-induced cytotoxicity.

Author information

  • 1Department of Clinical Microbiology and Immunology, Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel. zraviv06@gmail.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:

Methyl jasmonate (MJ) is a plant stress hormone with selective cytotoxic anti-cancer activities. The TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) death pathway is an attractive target for cancer therapy. Although TRAIL receptors are specifically expressed in primary cancer cells and cancer cell lines, many types of cancer cells remain resistant to TRAIL-induced cytotoxicity. Here we have assessed a possible synergy between MJ and TRAIL cytotoxicity in colorectal cancer (CRC) cell lines.

EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH:

CRC cell lines were pre-incubated with sub-cytotoxic concentrations of MJ followed by TRAIL administration. Cell death was determined by XTT assay and microscopy. Cytochrome c release, caspase cleavage, TRAIL-associated factors, X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis (XIAP) and survivin protein levels were detected by immunoblotting. Survivin transcription was examined by RT-PCR.

KEY RESULTS:

Pre-treatment with MJ resulted in increased TRAIL-induced apoptotic cell death, increased cytochrome c release and caspase cleavage. TNFRSF10A, TNFRSF10B, TNFRSF10D, Fas-associated death domain and cellular FLICE-like inhibitory protein remained unchanged during MJ-induced TRAIL sensitization, whereas MJ induced a significant decrease in survivin protein levels. Overexpression of survivin prevented MJ-induced TRAIL cytotoxicity, implying a role for survivin in MJ-induced TRAIL sensitization. MJ decreased survivin mRNA indicating that MJ may affect survivin transcription. In a β-catenin/transcription factor (TCF)-dependent luciferase activity assay, MJ decreased TCF-dependent transcriptional activity.

CONCLUSION AND IMPLICATIONS:

MJ, at sub-cytotoxic levels, sensitized CRC cells to TRAIL-induced apoptosis. Thus, combinations of MJ and TRAIL, both selective anti-cancer agents, have potential as novel treatments for CRC.

© 2011 The Authors. British Journal of Pharmacology © 2011 The British Pharmacological Society.

PMID:
21486277
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3221098
Free PMC Article
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