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Mol Reprod Dev. 2011 May;78(5):328-36. doi: 10.1002/mrd.21308. Epub 2011 Apr 8.

Conjugated linoleic acid decreases prostaglandin synthesis in bovine luteal cells in vitro.

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  • 1Department of Animal Sciences, Oregon State University, 112 Withycombe, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA.


Feeding conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) improves reproductive performance in dairy cows; however, the molecular mechanisms by which CLA improves reproduction are not understood. The effect of the CLA isomers, trans-10, cis-12 CLA and cis-9, trans-11 CLA on synthesis of progesterone, PGE(2) , and PGF(2α) , in bovine luteal cells was determined in this study. Luteal cells from three cows were cultured in medium containing 0 or 0.1 µM of trans-10, cis-12 CLA and cis-9, trans-11 CLA in varying ratios in the presence and absence of 1 µM of forskolin. Prostaglandin and progesterone concentrations were not altered by CLA isomer and ratio. Luteal cells cultured in the presence of CLA had lower PGF(2α) concentrations (62.6 ± 13.4 pg/ml vs. 55.7 ± 12.2 pg/ml; P = 0.005) and, in the absence of forskolin, lower PGE(2) concentrations (65.3 ± 15.1 pg/ml vs. 32.4 ± 14.1 pg/ml; P = 0.002) in culture media, while progesterone concentrations were not altered (P = 0.63). Relative steady-state mRNA amounts of COX-2 (1.7-fold decrease; P = 0.002), PGE synthase (1.5-fold decrease; P = 0.03) and 3β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (1.6-fold decrease; P = 0.0003) were lower in CLA-treated cultures, but CLA did not significantly alter mRNA amounts of PGE(2) 9-keto-reductase, StAR, and cytochrome P450 side chain cleavage enzyme. In conclusion, a potential mechanism exists by which trans-10, cis-12 CLA and cis-9, trans-11 CLA may improve reproductive performance in dairy cows, by suppressing PGF(2α) synthesis in luteal cells via attenuation of COX-2 gene expression.

Copyright © 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

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