Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Bacteriol. 2011 Jun;193(12):2948-58. doi: 10.1128/JB.01517-10. Epub 2011 Apr 8.

Defining the strain-dependent impact of the Staphylococcal accessory regulator (sarA) on the alpha-toxin phenotype of Staphylococcus aureus.

Author information

  • 1Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR 72205, USA.


We demonstrate that mutation of the staphylococcal accessory regulator (sarA) limits the accumulation of alpha-toxin and phenol-soluble modulins (PSMs) in Staphylococcus aureus isolates of the USA300 clonal lineage. Degradation assays and experiments done with protease inhibitors suggested that this was due to the increased production of extracellular proteases rather than differences associated with the impact of sarA on transcription of the target gene (hla) or the accessory gene regulator (agr). This was confirmed by demonstrating that concomitant mutation of the gene encoding aureolysin (aur) reversed the alpha-toxin and PSM-deficient phenotypes of a USA300 sarA mutant. Mutation of sarA had little impact on the alpha-toxin or PSM phenotypes of the commonly studied strain Newman, which is known to have a mutation in saeS that results in constitutive activation of the saeRS regulatory system, and we also demonstrate that repair of this defect resulted in the increased production of extracellular proteases and reversed both the alpha-toxin and PSM-positive phenotypes of a Newman sarA mutant.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk