Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Foot Ankle Int. 2011 Mar;32(3):225-32. doi: 10.3113/FAI.2011.0225.

Reconstruction of the symptomatic idiopathic flatfoot in adolescents and young adults.

Author information

  • 1Hospital For Special Surgery, New York City, NY 10021, USA.



The surgical indications, timing, and procedure for flexible flatfoot reconstruction in young patients remains controversial. This retrospective study reports the clinical results of reconstruction of flexible, idiopathic, symptomatic flatfoot in adolescent and young adults indicated for surgery by persistent pain and functional limitations. The hypothesis was that the results of these procedures allow patients to return to sports activities with minimal discomfort or pain.


Sixteen consecutive idiopathic flatfeet in ten patients with a mean age of 15.6 years at the time of surgery (range, 10 to 22) were assessed at a final followup visit at average of 5.2 (range, 2 to 10) years. Reconstruction included combined medializing calcaneal osteotomy and lateral column lengthening in all 16 patients. Flexor digitorum longus transfer (nine), medial column stabilization (eight), and gastroncnemius recession (eight) were carried out as needed. The AOFAS, SF-36, and FAOS questionnaires were completed. Sports activity and patient satisfaction were also assessed. Standard preoperative and postoperative radiographic parameters were measured.


The mean AOFAS score increased on average from 49.1 to 93.4. Only one patient reported a postoperative restriction in sports. The satisfaction level was excellent in 15 feet and good in one foot. Significant improvement in radiographic parameters was noted for the AP talonavicular coverage angle (p < 0.001) and lateral talar-first metatarsal angle (p < 0.001).


Flexible flatfoot reconstruction in a cohort of symptomatic adolescent and young adult patients achieved a reduction of pain and improved functional outcome including the ability to participate in sporting activities.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk