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Colloid Polym Sci. 2011 Feb;289(3):341-344. Epub 2010 Dec 1.

The temperature effect on electrokinetic properties of the silica-polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) system.

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  • 1Department of Radiochemistry and Colloids Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, Maria Curie Sklodowska University, M. Curie Sklodowska Sq. 3, 20-031 Lublin, Poland.


The influence of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) adsorption on the structure of the diffuse layer of silica (SiO(2)) in the temperature range 15-35 °C was examined. The microelectrophoresis method was used in the experiments to determine the zeta potential of the solid particles in the absence and presence of the polymer. The adsorption of PVA macromolecules causes the zeta potential decrease in all investigated SiO(2) systems. Moreover this, decrease is the most pronounced at the highest examined temperature. Obtained results indicate that the conformational changes of adsorbed polymer chains are responsible for changes in electrokinetic properties of silica particles. Moreover, the structure of diffuse layer on the solid surface with adsorbed polymer results from the following effects: the presence of acetate groups in PVA chains, the blockade of silica surface groups by adsorbed polymer and the shift of slipping plane due to macromolecules adsorption.

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