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Transfusion. 2011 Oct;51(10):2237-43. doi: 10.1111/j.1537-2995.2011.03125.x. Epub 2011 Apr 6.

Blood group O and black race are independent risk factors for thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura associated with severe ADAMTS13 deficiency.

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  • 1Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, College of Public Health, The University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73126-0901, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

It has been postulated that blood group O subjects may be partially protected against thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) because they have lower plasma levels of von Willebrand factor.

STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS:

The Oklahoma TTP Registry enrolled 301 consecutive patients from November 13, 1995 (when systematic ADAMTS13 measurements began), through 2009; 281 (93%) patients had ADAMTS13 measurements. Patients were designated as having severe ADAMTS13 deficiency when the activity measurement by either method was less than 10%. ABO blood group was determined in all 281 patients. The observed frequency of blood group O was compared to the expected frequency. The association between severe ADAMTS13 deficiency and blood group, race, sex, and age were analyzed by logistic regression.

RESULTS:

The frequency of blood group O was unexpectedly and significantly greater than the race-ethnicity-adjusted expected frequency in 65 patients with severe ADAMTS13 deficiency (60.0% vs. 47.4%, p = 0.042) but not in 216 patients without severe ADAMTS13 deficiency (44.9% vs. 46.5%, p = 0.639). Blood group O and race-ethnicity were independently associated with severe ADAMTS13 deficiency among patients with TTP. The probability for severe ADAMTS13 deficiency was 45.8% with O and 32.1% with non-O blood groups for black patients and 24.1% with O and 15.1% with non-O blood groups for white patients.

CONCLUSION:

Among patients with TTP and severe ADAMTS13 deficiency the relative frequency of patients with blood group O was greater than expected, suggesting that blood group O may be a risk factor for TTP associated with severe ADAMTS13 deficiency.

© 2011 American Association of Blood Banks.

PMID:
21470236
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3151471
Free PMC Article
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