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Cryo Letters. 2011 Jan-Feb;32(1):81-8.

Cryopreservation of umbilical cord blood-derived mesenchymal stem cells without dimethyl sulfoxide.

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  • 1School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China.

Abstract

Cryopreservation of umbilical cord blood-derived mesenchymal stem cells (UCB-derived MSCs) is crucial step for its clinical applications in cell transplantation therapy. In the cryopreservation of MSCs, dimethyl sulfoxide has been widely used as a cryoprotectant (CPA). However, it has been proved that DMSO has toxic side effects to human body. In this study, DMSO-free CPA solutions which contained ethylene glycol (EG), 1, 2-propylene glycol (PG) and sucrose as basic CPAs, supplemented with polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) as an additive, were developed for the cryopreservation of UCB-derived MSCs. The cryopreservation of UCB-derived MSCs was achieved by vitrification via plunging into liquid nitrogen and by programmed freezing via an optical-DSC system respectively. The viability of thawed UCB-derived MSCs was tested by trypan blue exclusion assay. Results showed that the viability of thawed UCB-derived MSCs was enhanced from 71.2% to 95.4% in the presence of PVA for vitrification, but only < 10% to 45% of viability was found for programmed freezing. These results indicate that PVA exerts a beneficial effect on the cryopreservation of UCB-derived MSCs and suggest the vitrification in combination with the dimethyl sulfoxide free CPA solutions supplemented with PVA would be an efficient protocol for the cryopreservation of UCB-derived MSCs.

PMID:
21468457
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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