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Melanoma Res. 2011 Jun;21(3):217-22. doi: 10.1097/CMR.0b013e3283457726.

Metastatic uveal melanoma: is there a role for conventional chemotherapy? - A single center study based on 58 patients.

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  • 1Department of Medical Oncology, Institut CatalĂ  d'Oncologia-IDIBELL, Barcelona, Spain.

Abstract

Uveal melanoma metastases develop in 6.5-35% of patients, most commonly to the liver. Metastatic uveal melanoma (MUM) survival is poor, with 5-7 months of median survival. We reviewed retrospectively all patients with MUM diagnosed between January 1990 and December 2008 at our institution. We analyzed a total of 58 patients with a median age of 61 years (31-84 years). Median time for metastases development was 25.63 months (0.17-102.43 months). Fifty-six patients had hepatic involvement, 63.8% bilobar and 51.7% had more than or equal to five hepatic metastatic lesions. Sixteen patients (27.6%) had two or more organs involved. Six patients (10.71%) were treated with surgery, 25 patients (44.67%) received systemic chemotherapy, and 23 (41.07%) had best supportive care (BSC). The median overall survival (OS) for all the patients was 10.83 months [95% confidence interval (CI): 6.92-14.74]. Patients who had undergone chemotherapy presented 10.83 months (95% CI: 5.35-16.308) of median OS whereas the patients who did not undergo this treatment had an OS of 8.033 months (95% CI: 2.46-13.61). There were more patients with poor survival characteristics such as worse Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status in the BSC group. OS was poor in treated and BSC patients. Differences in survival are more likely to be related to patient characteristics rather than to a chemotherapy effect. Patients with MUM should be included in clinical trials evaluating other options with newer agents.

PMID:
21467954
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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