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Autophagy. 2011 Jul;7(7):683-8. Epub 2011 Jul 1.

Dissecting the involvement of LC3B and GATE-16 in p62 recruitment into autophagosomes.

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  • 1Department of Biological Chemistry, The Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel. zvulun.elazar@weizmann.ac.il

Abstract

Autophagy is a major intracellular trafficking pathway that delivers proteins and organelles from the cytoplasm into lysosomes for consequential degradation and recycling. Mammalian Atg8s are key autophagic factors that undergo a unique ubiquitin-like conjugation to the lipid phase of the autophagosomal membrane. In addition to their activity in autophagosome formation, several Atg8s directly bind p62/SQSTM1. Here we show that LC3 and GATE-16 differ in their mode of p62 binding. While the soluble form of both LC3 and GATE-16 bind p62, only the lipidated form of LC3 is directly involved in p62 recruitment into autophagosomes. Moreover, by utilizing chimeras of LC3 and GATE-16 where their N-terminus was swapped, we determined the regions responsible for this differential binding. Accordingly, we found that the chimera of GATE-16 containing the LC3 N-terminal region acts similarly to wild-type LC3 in recruiting p62 into autophagosomes. We therefore propose that LC3 is responsible for the final stages of p62 incorporation into autophagosomes, a process selectively mediated by its N-terminus.

PMID:
21460636
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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