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Nutrition. 2011 Jul-Aug;27(7-8):733-44. doi: 10.1016/j.nut.2010.12.006. Epub 2011 Mar 30.

Mediterranean diet and cardioprotection: the role of nitrite, polyunsaturated fatty acids, and polyphenols.

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  • 1Department of Anesthesiology, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York, USA. sergiy_nadtochiy@urmc.rochester.edu

Abstract

The continually increasing rate of myocardial infarction (MI) in the Western world at least partly can be explained by a poor diet lacking in green vegetables, fruits, and fish and enriched in food that contains saturated fat. In contrast, a number of epidemiologic studies provide strong evidence highlighting the cardioprotective benefits of the Mediterranean diet enriched in green vegetables, fruits, fish, and grape wine. Regular consumption of these products leads to an accumulation of nitrate/nitrite/NO, polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), and polyphenolic compounds, such as resveratrol, in the human body. Studies have confirmed that these constituents are bioactive exogenous mediators, which induce strong protection against MI. The aim of this review is to provide a critical, in-depth analysis of the cardioprotective pathways mediated by nitrite/NO, PUFA, and phenolic compounds of grape wines discovered in the recent years, including cross-talk between different mechanisms and compounds. Overall, these findings may facilitate the design and synthesis of novel therapeutic tools for the treatment of MI.

Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID:
21454053
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3117983
Free PMC Article

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