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J Biol Chem. 1990 Oct 15;265(29):17420-3.

Binding of annexin V/placental anticoagulant protein I to platelets. Evidence for phosphatidylserine exposure in the procoagulant response of activated platelets.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle 98195.


Proteins of the annexin/lipocortin family act as in vitro anticoagulants by binding to anionic phospholipid vesicles. In this study, we investigated whether annexin V (placental anticoagulant protein I) would bind to human platelets. Annexin V bound to unstimulated platelets in a reversible, calcium-dependent reaction with an apparent Kd of 7 nM and 5000-8000 sites/platelet. Additional binding sites could be induced by several platelet agonists in the following order of effectiveness: A23187 greater than collagen + thrombin greater than collagen greater than thrombin. However, neither ADP nor epinephrine induced additional binding sites. Three other proteins of the annexin family (annexins II, III, and IV) competed for annexin V platelets binding sites with the same relative potencies previously observed for binding to phospholipid vesicles. Phospholipid vesicles containing phosphatidylserine completely inhibited binding of annexin V to platelets. Annexin V completely blocked binding of 125I-factor Xa to thrombin-stimulated platelets. These results support the hypothesis that phosphatidylserine exposure occurs during platelet activation and may be necessary for assembly of the prothrombinase complex on platelet membranes.

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