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Lancet. 2011 Apr 9;377(9773):1276-87. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(10)62349-5. Epub 2011 Mar 28.

Osteoporosis: now and the future.

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  • 1Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Bone Diseases, Dresden Technical University Medical Centre, Dresden, Germany.

Abstract

Osteoporosis is a common disease characterised by a systemic impairment of bone mass and microarchitecture that results in fragility fractures. With an ageing population, the medical and socioeconomic effect of osteoporosis, particularly postmenopausal osteoporosis, will increase further. A detailed knowledge of bone biology with molecular insights into the communication between bone-forming osteoblasts and bone-resorbing osteoclasts and the orchestrating signalling network has led to the identification of novel therapeutic targets. Novel treatment strategies have been developed that aim to inhibit excessive bone resorption and increase bone formation. The most promising novel treatments include: denosumab, a monoclonal antibody for receptor activator of NF-κB ligand, a key osteoclast cytokine; odanacatib, a specific inhibitor of the osteoclast protease cathepsin K; and antibodies against the proteins sclerostin and dickkopf-1, two endogenous inhibitors of bone formation. This overview discusses these novel therapies and explains their underlying physiology.

Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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PMID:
21450337
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3555696
Free PMC Article

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