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Eur J Med Chem. 2011 Jun;46(6):2109-16. doi: 10.1016/j.ejmech.2011.02.064. Epub 2011 Mar 4.

Synthesis and biological evaluation of novel 2-aralkyl-5-substituted-6-(4'-fluorophenyl)-imidazo[2,1-b][1,3,4]thiadiazole derivatives as potent anticancer agents.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry, Indian Institute of Science, Malleswaram, Bangalore 560 012, Karnataka, India. subhasskarki@gmail.com

Abstract

Levamisole, the imidazo[2,1-b]thiazole derivative has been reported as a potential antitumor agent. In the present study, we synthesized, characterized and evaluated biological activity of its novel analogues with substitution in the aralkyl group and on imidazothiadiazole molecules with same chemical backbone but different side chains namely 2-aralkyl-6-(4'-fluorophenyl)-imidazo[2,1-b][1,3,4]thiadiazoles (SCR1), 2-aralkyl-5-bromo-6-(4'-fluorophenyl)-imidazo[2,1-b][1,3,4]-thiadiazoles (SCR2), 2-aralkyl-5-formyl-6-(4'-fluorophenyl)-imidazo[2,1-b][1,3,4]-thiadiazoles (SCR3) and 2-aralkyl-5-thiocyanato-6-(4'-fluorophenyl)-imidazo[2,1-b][1,3,4]-thiadiazoles (SCR4) on leukemia cells. The cytotoxic studies showed that 3a, 4a, and 4c exhibited strong cytotoxicity while others had moderate cytotoxicity. Among these we chose 4a (IC50, 8 μM) for understanding its mechanism of cytotoxicity. FACS analysis in conjunction with mitochondrial membrane potential and DNA fragmentation studies indicated that 4a induced apoptosis without cell cycle arrest suggesting that it could be used as a potential chemotherapeutic agent.

Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

PMID:
21439690
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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