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Biochemistry. 2011 May 17;50(19):4019-28. doi: 10.1021/bi2001483. Epub 2011 Apr 21.

Structural characterization of three novel hydroxamate-based zinc chelating inhibitors of the Clostridium botulinum serotype A neurotoxin light chain metalloprotease reveals a compact binding site resulting from 60/70 loop flexibility.

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  • 1Department of Molecular Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California 92037, United States.

Abstract

Neurotoxins synthesized by Clostridium botulinum bacteria (BoNT), the etiological agent of human botulism, are extremely toxic proteins making them high-risk agents for bioterrorism. Small molecule inhibitor development has been focused on the light chain zinc-dependent metalloprotease domain of the neurotoxin, an effort that has been hampered by its relatively flexible active site. Developed in concert with structure--activity relationship studies, the X-ray crystal structures of the complex of BoNT serotype A light chain (BoNT/A LC) with three different micromolar-potency hydroxamate-based inhibitors are reported here. Comparison with an unliganded BoNT/A LC structure reveals significant changes in the active site as a result of binding by the unique inhibitor scaffolds. The 60/70 loop at the opening of the active site pocket undergoes the largest conformational change, presumably through an induced-fit mechanism, resulting in the most compact catalytic pocket observed in all known BoNT/A LC structures.

PMID:
21434688
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3092028
Free PMC Article
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