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J Biol Chem. 1990 Aug 15;265(23):13601-8.

The Arabidopsis thaliana plasma membrane H(+)-ATPase multigene family. Genomic sequence and expression of a third isoform.

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  • 1Department of Horticulture, University of Wisconsin, Madison 53706.

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  • J Biol Chem 1990 Dec 25;265(36):22569.


The plasma membrane of higher plants contains a H(+)-ATPase as its major ion pump. This enzyme belongs to the P-type family of cation-translocating enzymes and generates the proton-motive force that drives solute uptake across the plasma membrane. In Arabidopsis thaliana the plasma membrane H(+)-ATPase is encoded by a multigene family (Harper, J. F., Surowy, T. K., and Sussman, M. R. (1989) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 86, 1234-1238). The complete genomic sequence of a third Arabidopsis H(+)-ATPase isoform (referred to as AHA2) is presented here, and the predicted protein sequence is compared with previously published AHA1, AHA3, and tobacco Nicotiana plumbaginifolia NP1 isoforms. The AHA2 gene is most similar to AHA1, with predicted proteins containing 95% amino acid identity. The mRNA start site and 5'-untranslated sequence for AHA2 were determined from cDNA amplified by the polymerase chain reaction. The 5' region contains a 23-base pair (bp) polypyrimidine sequence and a short upstream reading frame. In comparison with the 16 introns reported in AHA3, AHA2 is missing one intron in the 5'-untranslated region and a second intron in the C-terminal coding region. An unusually large intron for Arabidopsis (greater than 1000 bp) is present at the beginning of the coding sequence of both AHA2 and AHA3. In the 3'-untranslated sequence of AHA1 and AHA2 but not AHA3, there is a 65-bp region of 85% identity and a second shorter region of 16-bp identity harboring an unusual putative poly(A) addition signal (dTTTGAAGAAACAAGGC). Northern blot analysis indicates that AHA2 mRNA relative to total cellular RNA is expressed at significantly higher levels in root tissue as compared with shoot tissue.

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